+ What is Monkeypox Disease?
A rare disease that is caused by an infection from the monkeypox virus.
+ How is the Monkeypox virus transmitted?
It can be transmitted from animals to humans through:
bites or scratches by an animal carrying the virus
handling and eating meat from infected animals
It can be transmitted from human to human through close contact with:
skin lesions e.g. rash, blister, sores, scab, etc
droplets from respiratory secretions e.g. cough, sneeze, spit
recently contaminated objects e.g. bed linen, clothes and frequently touched areas
+ What is the incubation period?
The incubation period (time between infection and when the symptoms start) is usually from 6 to 13 days but can range from 5 to 21 days.
+ What are the main signs and symptoms?
Muscle ache and Backache
Swollen lymph nodes
Rash (usually appears 1-3 days after the fever)
Symptoms can be mild or severe and associated skin rash can be itchy or painful.
+ What is the treatment for Monkeypox Disease?
Treatment is based on the symptoms. If experiencing fever or pain, Panadol can be taken. Drink lots of fluids to maintain hydration.
+ Who is at risk of being infected with the Monkeypox virus?
Any person in close contact with someone who has monkeypox.
+ How can the risk of getting Monkeypox be reduced?
Key prevention measures include COVID-19 prevention measures:
Wear your mask
Wash your hands
Frequently sanitise areas that are frequently touched
+ Is there a Vaccine for Monkeypox?
There is no vaccine against monkeypox that is generally available. A recently approved vaccine has been produced for research purpose only.
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